Jon Haidt has suggested that Conservatives, Libertarians, and Progressives tend to have different goals as well as (unsurprisingly) different means for getting there:
- Libertarians tend to want Autonomy/Freedom as their primary goal.
- Liberals tend to want Fairness/Equality (no special privilege) and Care for the weak more than other goals.
- Conservatives have lots of goals that the libertarians and progressives don't share (as nominal goals). Namely: Ingroup -- do good stuff for our team, even if it costs the other team. Authority -- respect your natural superiors, and expect respect from your natural inferiors. Purity -- Activity X is disgusting, and perpetrators should be shunned because it is disgusting.
- And of course, left-libertarians tend to combine (in some measure) the goals of the liberals and libertarians: Autonomy, Care for the Weak, and no special privileges based on accidents of birth. We are actively opposed to Authority as an institution. We prefer institutions designed to ignore ingroup status (think immigration, which is massively positive for the foreign poor, and mildly negative for the local...and much much richer...poor). And we think that purity has no place in legislation.